Boys don’t cry – such instructions are given to future men from childhood. By following this rule, boys don’t cry and don’t complain either. For health as well. And this doesn’t mean that men don’t get sick. There are male diseases. For example, every second representative of the stronger sex is faced with disorders in the work of the prostate gland.
The role assigned to the prostate in a man’s body is special. The prostate gland produces a secret that is a part of the semen, which supports the production of male germ cells (sperm), ensures their movement and ejaculation, and also participates in the formation of sexual desire (libido) and orgasm. Any of these disorders cause psychological discomfort in a man, which significantly affects the quality of life in its various aspects.
What do we need to know from anatomy?
The prostate gland is located under the bladder behind the pubic bone and in front of the rectum. Through it passes the urethra leaving the bladder, as well as the vas deferens starting in the testicles. In both parts of the prostate gland, there are locking muscles that hold urine in the bladder and regulate the process of urination and ejaculation. The blood vessels and nerves supplying the penis pass around and around the prostate gland.
In a healthy state, the size of the prostate gland is approximate to the size of a walnut (20 g). An increase of 1 cm does not cause any particular problems. But when it increases by 2 cm or more, representatives of the stronger sex feel extremely unpleasant discomfort.
Changes in the prostate gland occur for various reasons: for example, infections have penetrated from the outside or from the intestines (through the common vessels of the lymphatic system), hypothermia or overheating (like in a sauna, bath) has occurred – this is enough to make the prostate inflamed. If a man has good blood circulation, the inflammation may subside, but if there is a blood stagnation due to a sedentary lifestyle and other factors, it starts to develop into a chronic one.
Inflammatory processes in the prostate gland can proceed unnoticed (most often this occurs with mild infections of the genitourinary system, such as, for example, Gardnerella, candida). But even in this case, calcifications (stones) can remain in the gland. In a case of prostatitis, accompanied by a high temperature, keloid scars may remain on the gland, occurs tissue growth inside of the organ. Naturally, in this way the size of the prostate increases, adhesions occur, which affects potency, erection, and urination.
External factors affecting the health of the prostate gland include the injury. It would seem like a common thing – a person rode a bicycle. The consequences of cycling became a bruised prostate, just because there was a narrow seat on a bicycle and a bumpy road.
We should not forget about the age factor. After 40 years men start to feel hormonal changes. The process of transferring testosterone into its next product accelerates somehow, and this intermediate product affects the prostate in a way of size increasing.
Diseases of the prostate
Let us consider in more detail way the diseases of the organ, which the ancient doctors called “the second soul of a man”.
- Inflammation of the prostate gland, or prostatitis. During urinating, a man feels discomfort, pain, frequent trips to the toilet (less than 2 hours later), and nighttime urges. There are the following forms of prostatitis: acute inflammation of the prostate gland; chronic inflammation caused by microbes (bacterial); chronic abacterial prostatitis with inflammation; chronic abacterial prostatitis without inflammation (chronic pelvic pain syndrome); uncomplaining inflammatory prostatitis.
Most often, prostatitis is diagnosed at 25-35 years old men, that is, in a sexually active period of life. The cause of the disease is inflammation in the genitourinary tract (latent sexually transmitted infections, etc.). The incidence rate also increases between the ages of 45 and 55 due to an enlarged prostate gland. Inflammation of the prostate can be one of the causes of infertility, sexual dysfunction. It is also a significant risk factor for the development of prostate cancer.
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia, or prostate adenoma. The main symptom, in this case, is a difficult outflow of urine: a weak and intermittent stream, you have to push it hard during urinating, residual dripping after urination, incomplete emptying of the bladder.
The growth of the prostate gland ends at the age of 25. But after 40 it begins to “grow” again due to changes in hormonal levels in connection with the aging of the body. As the urethra passes through the prostate gland, the enlarged gland “blocks off” it, preventing the normal flow of urine. Internal growth is a tumor that does not contain cancer cells but nevertheless requires timely diagnosis and treatment. Some men may not experience such changes for the time being due to the wide urethra.
- Prostate cancer – is an insidious disease because it is often asymptomatic. It can make itself felt at the last stage with symptoms such as prostate diseases, and sometimes with painful feelings in the pelvic region and bones, which indicates metastases.
Treatment and prevention
In the case of inflammation, antibiotics and anti-inflammatory medication, including non-steroidal ones, are usually prescribed. Treatment can take months. Unfortunately, these medications have side effects. After taking antibiotics, dysbiosis can develop: the fungi enter the prostate, and everything starts all over again. Alpha-blocker drugs (prescribed for benign prostatic hyperplasia) can cause retrograde ejaculation, that is, ejaculation inside is also an unpleasant phenomenon, accompanied by pain and burning. Testosterone blocking drugs sooner or later lead to gynecomastia, impaired potency, etc.
Surgery is needed in rare cases, such as refractory urinary retention, prostate adenoma-induced bladder stones, excessive urine failure, renal failure caused by obstruction of urination, bladder muscle damage.
Medicines also include preparations based on herbal extracts. There are plants that have been proven to be effective in treating prostate diseases for centuries. Among them, in particular, the creeping palm (lat. Serenoa repens). The extract of this plant has antiandrogenic properties, which is necessary for adenoma, reduces and stops prostate hypertrophy, improves blood circulation and metabolism in it. Modern research confirms that creeping palm fruit extract contains a unique complex of fatty acids that can support and stimulate the male reproductive system. There is also research proving the effect of Saw Palmetto extract on reducing the proliferation of prostate cells, which makes it possible to use this phytocomponent both for the prevention of the development of benign prostatic hyperplasia in young men with prostatitis and for the treatment of adenoma and chronic prostatitis in middle-aged and elderly men.
From this point of view, the phytopreparation Prostaline from Calendula Pharma deserves attention, the formula includes several herbal extracts that have proven effective in the treatment of prostate diseases. Dr. Dmitry Skopintsev, the creator of a new herbal formula, founder, and chief physician of the Ayurvedic and Medical Clinic CALENDULA reports.
“We set ourselves the task of creating a medicine that would become both a prophylactic and a therapeutic agent for preserving the functions of the prostate gland. To do this, it is necessary to cut off all pathological threads affecting the prostate – both inflammatory or infectious, and hormonal. In search of a solution, we have turned to the developments of Ayurvedic, traditional Chinese medical and other medical systems.”
The phytopreparation is based on the extract of Serenoa repens, or creeping palm, we used one of the highest concentrations of the extract of this plant. The following components are equally strong and effective in this direction.
For example, an extract of the bark of the African plum (Prunus Africana). The discovery of this component has prehistory: in the Middle Ages, French travelers, and then doctors, noticed that in the mountainous regions of Africa, men do not suffer from male diseases. One of the secrets of their health is a decoction of African plum bark. Under certain combinations, extracts of creeping palm and African plum bark potentiate each other so much that an instant medication is obtained.
But even this is not enough if we are talking about an effective and safe means for preventing the development of prostate diseases and treating them in a such case. Chinese doctors, for example, in such cases use the red root. The extract of this plant has the unique property of increasing the level of testosterone, which is necessary for sexual activity, relieves inflammation in the glands around the prostate and inside it, improves blood circulation in the pelvic organs. That is, it not only reduces inflammation but also helps maintain erectile function.
A man with prostatitis or hyperplasia has a frequent urge to urinate, while urine comes out drop by drop and can not get a finishing. As a result, a retrograde flow of fluid occurs, which causes congestion and swelling in the small pelvis and does not slow down the healing process. In this case, Chinese doctors use Coix lacrymal-Jobi seed extract (Coix lacrymal-Jobi). We also included it in our medication. Those men who taking Prostoline report about free urination. It is also important that the seeds of coicis contribute to the renewal of the urinary tract – from the kidneys to the urethra.
If you examine any man, carefully research his secret of the prostate and the composition of urine, You can always find the flora there. In the event of fluid stagnation or inflammation, this flora begins to grow rapidly and the condition worsens. Therefore, it would be correct to prevent such pathogenic processes. To this end, we have added Forsythia extract into the Prostaline formula. Chinese scientists have studied this ingredient and confirmed that the plant is effective against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, can affect the flora that is most often found in the urinary tract – ureaplasma, mycoplasma, streptococcal infections, chlamydia. Forcing also blocks viral replication on cell membranes. The composition of our preparation also normalizes the hormonal background.
It has been scientifically proven that turmeric extract (curcumin) of high concentration (90%) has the ability to turn on the mechanisms of apoptosis (the process of destroying malignant cells), block oxidants, and reduce profiling processes on cell membranes. That is, the agent has a powerful anti-inflammatory effect. But curcumin is poorly absorbed by the body, so its combination with pepper in – black pepper extract (Pepper Nigrum) – in a small dose makes this substance biologically available. And it was also included in the composition of the phytopreparation.
We have added zinc to improve the speed and quality of spermatogenesis. As you know, this chemical element is produced by the prostate gland. Since inflammation and other abnormalities in the functioning of the prostate reduce its concentration in the ejaculate and accordingly lower the quality of sperm, men should replenish the level of zinc.
Thus, 7 elements unique in their effect on the health of the genitourinary system, are combined into one phytoform. It should be noted that it is available in vegetarian capsules. One package – for a month of admission. For the purpose of prevention, it is enough to take 1 capsule in the morning. For certain violations – 2 times a day: in the morning and in the evening, 1 capsule. If you are concerned about frequent urge to go to the toilet at night – 2 capsules in the evening.
But always remember that diseases of the prostate and genitourinary system can be confused with other diseases, ranging from hemorrhoids, tumors of the colon, bladder and ending with chronic polyps, so it is important to be examined by a specialist – urologist or andrologist. Never do a self-treatment! “.
Diagnostic procedures for the prostate
Examination, or control of the prostate gland with a finger. In the course of such examination, the doctor inserts a finger into the man’s rectum and probes the size of the prostate, shape, and density through its front wall.
Measurement of urine flow rate and residual urine. A decrease in the flow rate of urine and the resulting incomplete emptying of the bladder is considered hazardous to health. The examination consists of emptying into a funnel-like vessel that is connected to a computer. The rate of urine output and its volume is recorded. A good maximum urine flow rate is more than 10 ml/sec. The residual urine volume is determined using ultrasound. The norm is up to 100 ml.
Urinalysis and culture – to check kidney function and detect inflammation in the urinary tract.
Analysis of semen and prostate secretions. Examination of young men contains seminal fluid is taken, which is 1/3 of the secretion of the prostate. In older men, prostate secretions are taken. The material is informative about inflammation and the presence of microbes.
PSA test. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a substance that is produced only in the tissue of the prostate gland and is involved in creating a suitable environment for sperm in the semen. Part of PSA enters the bloodstream, where it is determined. The PSA level is related to the size of the prostate: as the prostate increases, the level of prostate-specific antigen increases.
PSA is found in the blood in two main forms – in the form associated with other proteins and in the “free” form – unbound PSA. It is the free PSA that is a very informa tive additional test. The lower the level of free PSA, the more likely a tumor is. If the PSA level is more than 2 ng/ml, a free PSA test is recommended. If the percentage of free PSA from the total PSA level is more than 25%, then the likelihood of a tumor is very small. It is very important to monitor changes in PSA scores throughout the year. The faster the PSA level rises, the more likely it is a malignant tumor. A rapid increase in the PSA level should also be considered when the PSA test value appears to be normal (<2 ng / ml).
Cystoscopy. This test is important when blood is found in the urine. It is usually performed when the main complaints are associated with irritating urination.
Cystometry. This research allows you to monitor the nervous regulation of the muscles of the bladder and the occluding muscles surrounding the prostate gland. During the test, a thin tube is inserted through the urethra into the bladder, through which the pressure in the urinary tract can be measured during the filling of the bladder and during urination.