With the development of any disease, it is important to seek help from a specialist in time. The same applies to the state that arose after the experienced grief and any other emotional shock or traumatic situation. Doctor Bihary Pál, CALENDULA Ayurvedic and Medical clinic, talks about the symptoms that require medical attention.

The symptoms of PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) are divided into four types: intrusive memories, avoidance, negative changes in thinking and mood, changes in physical and emotional reactions.

Haunting memories:

  • recurring disturbing memories of the traumatic event
  • experiencing the traumatic event as if it were happening again
  • dreams about a traumatic event
  • severe emotional stress or physical reaction when reminded of the traumatic event.


  • intentionally ignoring thoughts and conversations about the traumatic event
  • avoiding places, activities, or people that remind you of the traumatic event.

Negative changes in thinking and mood:

  • negative thoughts about yourself and other people
  • feeling of hopelessness
  • memory problems, forgetfulness
  • problems in relationships with loved ones
  • feeling of loneliness
  • no interest in previously loved work or any other activity
  • lack of positive emotions
  • emotional numbness
  • changes in physical and emotional reactions.

Changes in physical and emotional reactions:

  • startle and fearfulness
  • constant feeling of danger
  • self-destructive behavior such as drinking alcohol, driving fast
  • insomnia
  • violations of concentration
  • irritability, anger, aggressive behavior
  • feelings of guilt and shame.

The symptoms of PTSD can change over time. They can be especially acute in a state of stress or when reminding certain events. With stable manifestations for a long time, they can have a destructive effect on a person, interfere with his life, self-realization, and socialization.

Different sexes differ in the development and course of the above symptoms. Women are twice as likely as men to suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder. They are more prone to anxiety, depression, a state of numbness, self-flagellation, and suffering. The representatives of the stronger sex are more likely to experience re-experiencing, avoidance, cognitive problems, mood swings, and overexcitation.

What is especially worth paying attention to?

  1. Insomnia, nightmares Many trauma survivors find it difficult to sleep and may resort to sleeping pills or alcohol to calm their minds. Subsequently, this can cause other disorders associated with the use of psychotropic or psychoactive substances.
  2. Memory Loss The hippocampus, amygdala, and prefrontal cortex are strongly associated with stress and memory. When a traumatic event occurs, memory loss occurs as a natural defense mechanism. The other side of this problem is that deterministic traumatic memory that pops up unexpectedly at any time leads to distress (a state of suffering).
  3. Negative thoughts about yourself and the world: self-abasement, self-flagellation, hopelessness, the vision of the future in black colors darken life, that is, make it meaningless. This in turn can cause suicidal thoughts. In this case, therapy should be aimed at increasing self-esteem, the desire to heal.
  4. Anger and irritability PTSD creates a state of hyperarousal. This means that the brain goes into a fight-or-flight state at the slightest prompting. Hyperarousal leads to strong emotions such as anger as well as irritability. Those who have been traumatized may lash out at others, even if they don’t fully understand why.
  5. Self-isolation People with post-traumatic stress disorder may find it difficult to be around other people for various reasons: lack of understanding, the search for an “enemy” in close surroundings, a feeling of uselessness, and hopelessness.

One of the methods of correcting such conditions is psychotherapy. We will talk about its capabilities in post-traumatic disorders in the next article.