There are two directions of treatment in Ayurveda, each of which has a specific goal. The necessary course of the therapies and procedures is determined by doctor, based on the patient’s condition, the nature and stage of the disease.
- Shamana Chikits, or symptomatic procedures
The name “shamana” comes from the verb “suppress.” Shamana therapies alleviate the symptoms of the disease or relieve them, improve well-being, suppress the effects of ama – toxins and toxins accumulated in the body. They do not eliminate the causes of the disease, but can prevent its further development. The shamana includes palliative medicine methods: lifestyle correction with the help of herbal medicine, diets, procedures that support or alleviate the condition.
- Shodhana Chikitsa, or disease elimination
“Shodhana”, translating from Sanskrit as “to leave”, is a therapy aimed at elimination the cause of the disease. In Ayurveda, any disease indicates that the toxic effect of ama has reached a critical point. Panchakarma cleansing procedures are used to remove it from the body. The word “panchakarma” (translating from Sanskrit as “Pancha” (five), and “karma” (action) consists of five purification procedures:
- Vamana is a therapeutic vomiting (allows you to remove excess mucus, ama from the respiratory system, nasal and maxillary sinuses).
- Virechana is a laxative therapy (cleansing the liver and small gut, elimination of the excess bile).
- Nasya: cleansing of the nasal and maxillary sinuses with the help of herbal medicines and inhalations.
- Vasti is an enema therapy (enema cycle for cleansing the large gut with medicinal oil, herbal decoctions, honey, salt solutions, etc.).
- Rakta mokshana: bloodletting (purification of blood according to certain indications).
Each of these procedures is aimed at eliminating the imbalance of a particular dosha and its corresponding ama.
During the cleansing procedures, natural and daily cycles are taken into account: each time of the day corresponds to the activity of the integral forces of Vata, Pitta, Kapha.
In addition to cleansing procedures, Panchakarma includes three stages. The first one is Purvakarma. (preparatory); it consists of procedures and therapies that bind toxins accelerating metabolic processes. The second one is directly the Panchakarma cleansing procedure. And the third stage is Paschatkarma: restoration of digestive fire (agni), renewal of tissues (dhatu), reinforcement of the immune system.
Rasayana is a separate medical direction in Ayurveda. Its therapies prevent cell aging, nourish and restore depleted tissues, and extend the functionality of the reproductive system. This is achieved with the help of massages, a special diet, rasayan preparations and baths. At the CALENDULA Clinic, the period of pascha karma includes Rasayana therapy. A special program “Rasayana-Vajikarana”, which is recommended or prescribed according to certain indications, has also been developed.