Panchakarma: 5 steps of purification
Initially, our body has self-cleaning mechanisms, but being weakened by toxins, it is unable to cope and free itself from such accumulation in time. Therefore, since ancient times, all medical systems have indicated the need to remove toxins from the body.
In Ayurveda, the system of purification is called Panchakarma (from the Sanskrit. “Pancha” – “five,” karma “-” action “). Panchakarma is a 5-step process of cleansing the body, consisting of three stages: preparation for cleansing, cleansing and recovery (anti-aging rasayan therapy).
The period of preparation for cleansing
Before you begin to remove toxins and toxins (amu), the body must be prepared for cleansing. This process is called Purvakarma, it lasts up to 7 days (the doctor individually determines the day of the cleansing procedure as the body is ready). During this time, oiling – external and internal – is carried out with the help of massages and medicinal oils (a process is called Snehana), as well as thermal procedures with the help of Sweden (a pair of vegetable broth is fed into a special design). During massages, oil is applied to the whole body, according to a certain technique, so that the toxins move in the direction of the gastrointestinal tract. During the Panchakarma period, several types of massages are used:
Abhyayanga, Abhyanga (Abhyanga) – anointment of the whole body and the main marmas (energy channels) for balance and relaxation.
Patra Pinda Sweda – massage with pouches with fillers (herbs, herbal powders, spices, grains, oils) for the gentle effect of heat on biologically active points and relaxation.
Udvartana (Udvartana) – powder massage of the whole body for burning subcutaneous fat, etc.
An integral part of Snehana is internal oiling, taking medications based on ghee oil (ghee). During a long heat treatment, ordinary oil is cleaned of heavy substances and bad cholesterol. Plant extracts are added to the ghee that have similarities with certain tissues and the ability to deliver highly differentiated fat molecules to cells, after which the process of binding toxins by lipoproteins in the target areas occurs. The substances bound in such a way under the influence of heat and special massages return to the digestive tract, from where they can be removed.
The heating and sweating procedures, in addition to accelerating the metabolism, trigger the mechanism of release of toxic substances through the skin.
Cleansing Procedures (Shodana)
Cleansing procedures are carried out after the stage of preparation of the body (Purvakarma). In classical Panchakarma, the following sequence of procedures: Vamana (Vamana), Virechana (Virechana), Basti (Basti), Nasya (Nasya), Moksha Rakta (Rakta Moksha).
1. Nasya (nasal administration of drugs)
The organ of smell in Ayurveda is called the “doorway to the brain”, as well as the “door of consciousness.” Excess bodily waste (mucus) accumulated in the sinus, throat, nose, or head is eliminated by cleansing the nose.
Prana, vital energy, enters the body through breathing through the nose. The nasya procedure allows you to restore full breathing and saturation of the body with prana, eliminate nasopharyngeal diseases, headaches, neck and neck pain, some eye problems.
2. Vamana (therapeutic vomiting)
Vamana allows you to bring out toxins bound by mucus from the upper body. It is an excessive amount of toxic mucus that provokes the development of pathogenic flora and worms, and causes the development of chronic diseases. This procedure is indicated for asthma, diabetes, frequent colds, indigestion, swelling, etc.
The day of the vamana is determined by the doctor according to certain signs of “maturation” of the mucus. This is the key and most difficult moment in conducting Panchakarma. If you do not remove the mucus in a timely manner, the toxins accumulated in it, when re-entering the digestive tract, will again start the mechanism of digestion, absorption and fall into the zones of the previous accumulation.
Vamana is always performed in the first half of the day, when Kapha dosha dominates in the body (the maximum amount of mucous secretions accumulates in it).
After vamanas, lightness, clarification, free breathing are felt in the body, healthy glow in the eyes, proteins and skin on the face brighten.
3. Virechana (laxative therapy)
The essence of Virechana is to remove the secondary fraction of toxins. In the secondary cycle, toxins exit through the liver in the form of bile. In addition to the toxins dissolved in bile, mucus is excreted during this procedure, which descended into the lower gastrointestinal tract and did not leave the body during vamanas, as well as liquids with dissolved toxins that accumulated in the small intestine. Virecana is performed during the day during the period of Pitta activity. The food that is given before the procedure includes spicy, spicy and sour tastes, which also enhance Pitta.
Virechana is suitable for all diseases caused by excess Pitta – with increased acidity, peptic ulcer, colitis, hemorrhoids, chronic headaches, some types of diabetes, allergies, acne and other rashes. Contraindicated in case of very weak digestion, ulcerative colitis, dehydration and exhaustion. In some such cases, gentle cleansing is performed. After this procedure, the absorption and absorption of nutrients are improved, bloating and heaviness in the stomach pass.
4. Basti (medical enema)
During the preparation and conduct of the first cleansing procedures, toxins partially enter the large intestine. In addition, in its walls there are pockets-crypts in which feces with heavy metals or calcium accumulate for years. Therefore, enema therapy is also one of the important stages, moreover, with its help, many diseases are treated.
Basti therapy consists of a cycle of enemas. The first group of enemas is the introduction of stool-dissolving agents. The second group – binding enemas, plant-absorbent substances are introduced. The third – output. Then make micro-enemas – nourishing or replenishing loss (there are those that quickly fill the tissues with life-giving and anti-aging extracts).
The classic Ayurvedic treatise says that Kapha-type people need enema therapy for 7 days, Pitta-type – 14 days, and Vata-type – 21 days. But since few patients have enough time, doctors are developing tactics aimed at accelerating this process by alternating micro-enemas with dissolving and nourishing ones.
Basti solutions are prepared in a special way, they include oils, plant extracts, salts, honey, milk. The composition and volume of the basti are adjusted by the doctor based on the individual characteristics of the patient.
Basti is the most effective treatment for diseases caused by imbalance of Vata (Vata dosha causes 70% of diseases!). Vata accumulates in the large intestine, while bone tissue is also the site of Vata localization. This means that the medicine introduced with the help of basti also affects deeper tissues, such as bone. Enemas can eliminate constipation, bloating, mental and sexual disorders, kidney stones, heart pain, back pain and joint pain.
5. Moksha Racta (bloodletting)
The toxins present in the digestive tract are absorbed by the blood and circulate throughout the body. This condition is called toxemia, which is the main cause of repeated infections, hypertension, skin rash (Pitta-type disease). With the help of punctures at certain points of the skin and suction with banks, stagnant blood can be removed. Sometimes deep bloodletting is used.